What is Culture?

    Culture is the ideas, customs, language, beliefs, history, traditions and social behaviour of a particular people or society, including artistic expression and natural and human heritage. Culture comprises Cultural Industries and Cultural Resources.

    What is Art?

    Art is the inventive use of talent, creativity and technique to produce an original expression of an idea with an aesthetic quality. This includes but is not limited to, literature, dance, theatre, visual arts, crafts, performance, media arts, music and film.

    What is Heritage?

    Heritage is social, cultural and ethnic elements which produce a layering of Culture from the past and into the future. Cultural Heritage Resources are structures, sites, environments, artifacts and traditions that are of cultural, historical, architectural or archaeological value, significance or interest.

    What is a Community Artist?

    A Community Artist is an individual who partakes in artistic performance or creation, but does not receive a sizable portion of their livelihood from these pursuits.

    What are Creative Industries?

    Creative Industries are businesses and individuals that use talent, creativity and skill in order to produce tangible and intangible goods, which are usually protected by copyright and require constant adaption. Examples include, but are not limited to, advertising, architecture, arts, antiques, crafts, design, fashion, film, photography, software, computer games, electronic publishing, music, visual and performing arts, publishing, television and radio.

    What are Cultural Industries?

    Cultural Industries are businesses which produce products with an identifiable core cultural component, such as museums, art galleries and libraries.

    What is a Cultural Product?

    A Cultural Product is the consumable result of artistic or heritage undertakings as either physical or experiential goods. These consumable goods are produced by the Cultural Industries, festivals, heritage sites, performances, visual arts and crafts

    What are Cultural Resources?

    Cultural Resources are the tangible and intangible elements which support Culture, including cultural spaces and facilities, natural and cultural heritage, programs/activities and all other infrastructure and financial support available for the development and maintenance of Culture.

    What is an Emerging Artist ?

    An Emerging Artist is an artist who has specialized training in his or her field (not necessarily gained in an academic institution), who is at an early stage in his or her career and who has created a modest, independent body of work.

    What is an Event?

    An Event is any prearranged, organized activity that will be planned by or facilitated with the support and expertise of City staff.

    What is a Festival?

    A Festival is an organized period of special Events which is open to the public and lasts longer than the time period usually allotted for a single performance, competition or exhibition.

    What is Interculturalism?

    Interculturalism is a strategy that advocates harmonious relations between cultures based on an integration process that does not seek to eliminate differences, but to foster the development of a common identity.

    What is Multiculturalism?

    Multiculturalism is a strategy based on respect for and the promotion of ethnic diversity in society and the co-existence of diverse cultures. Culture includes racial, religious or cultural groups and is manifested in customary behaviours, cultural assumptions and values, patterns of thinking and communicative styles.

    What is a Museum?

    A Museum is a non-profit, permanent establishment, exempt from federal and provincial income taxes, open to the public and/or digitally available. Museums are administered for the purpose of collecting and preserving, studying, interpreting, assembling and exhibiting to the public (for their instruction, interest and enjoyment) objects and specimens of cultural value. These include artistic, scientific (whether animate or inanimate), historical and technological material.

    What is a Professional Artist?

    Professional Artist is an individual who earns all or a sizeable portion of their livelihood through remuneration for artistic performance or creation and is recognized by his or her peers as an artist.

    What is Public Art?

    Public Art for the purposes of the Culture Master Plan, refers to art found in the public realm that has undergone a formal art selection process administered by City of Mississauga Public Art Program. Public art is publicly accessible to all citizens and can be in any medium/media, take on any shape, form or scale. Public art can be permanent or temporary. Public art can include, but is not limited to, artist led community art, mural art, installation, digital, hoarding, sculpture and street art. These works can be standalone site-specific works or they can be integrated or semi-integrated into other functioning design elements such as street furniture, architecture or landscape architecture.

    Temporary Public Art: can exist as an installation or festival, and is not intended to last forever. Temporary public art can last for a few months to up to 15 years, and will only be maintained if damages occur within the given time period.

    Permanent Public Art: most commonly existing as a sculpture, permanent public art has also been integrated into playgrounds, and public squares. Permanent public art requires a maintenance plan and maintenance budget, and its conception often integrates a certain level of community consultation, as it will become an everlasting feature of the community.